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How to Sit

How to sit at a desk • How to sit in a car

Sitting at a desk

Infographic on How to sit at your desk. Advice to keep yourself close to your desk, keep shoulders back and keep your elbows on the armrests to reduce neck and lower back strain and improve office ergonomics

Even though we spend years sitting in school, learning all sorts of things, we never get taught the right way to sit. Many jobs force us to sit in front of a computer for eight hours a day or longer. Poor sitting posture can lead to low back pain, neck pain, headaches and other painful conditions. Conditions that may be able to be prevented when you sit the right way.

Start with the shoulders – The shoulders are the key to overall good posture. All the weight of our body falls in front of our spine, leaving the back muscles to have to work all the time to keep you from falling over. The only option we have for a counterweight is to keep your shoulders pulled back. With the weight of your arms behind your spine, the muscles in your back and neck don’t have to work as hard. Since the spine acts more like a column, the weight is distributed through the skeleton instead of the muscles. If I could only give one piece of advice for the back, this would be it.

Keep your screen in front of you – It is hard enough to stay in the same position for hours on end without adding a twist into the equation. Keeping your screen off-center from your chair, forcing you to turn your body and head to see it, is a major culprit in sitting pain. Arrange your desk so your monitor is straight in front of you, and raise it or lower it so the top of the screen is at eye-level.

Don’t overuse your laptop – The proximity of a laptop’s screen to its keyboard is an ergonomic nightmare. You can’t help but slump when you lean over to see the monitor and lift up your arms to type. The best solution for posture is to use your laptop sparingly while traveling, and use a desktop at your office. If that is not possible, get a separate screen to plug into at your desk, or a detachable keyboard.

Your arms need a rest – Whether typing or using the mouse, if your arms are unsupported, they will eventually start to pull on your neck and shoulders. Your chair should have armrests that you can adjust to support your elbows.

What about a standing desk? – Standing desks are coming into common use recently. I think their benefit lies in the fact that you are changing up your positioning during the day. Standing eight hours a day, every day comes with its own problems. But if you can use a standing desk to alternate with sitting and break up your routine, it could prevent the issues that come with prolonged positioning.

It is also important to take occasional breaks during your day, even if it is just a few seconds of repositioning. You can also set a reminder to go off every hour or so to remind yourself to think about how you are sitting.

How to sit in a car

Driving sets up a different set of considerations for sitting posture, since in addition to using your hands your legs are active as well.

  • Keep your knees higher than your hips – Try to adjust your seat to that the front is raised up, keeping your knees from dropping down straight to the pedals. If the knees are lower, the whole weight of the leg pulls the lower back into flexion, and prolonged flexion is bad for your back. Sitting like that for a long time can cause lower back pain and piriformis pain.
  • Shoulders back, stomach out – Like at a desk, keeping the shoulders back is primary for good posture. In a car, it is also important to keep your upper back from slumping since car seats are not as supportive as desk chairs. Use the built in lumbar support to keep your back curved, or use a special back support made for cars.
  • Rest your head – They call it a headrest for a reason. Driving for a long time with your head held forward can cause upper back pain, neck pain and headaches. If you will be in the car a lot, adjust your seat and headrest so that you can lean your head back comfortably while driving. That is a safer position in a car accident, too, since the head would be pushed by the headrest in a rear end collision instead of slamming back into it.

Benefits of good posture

Good posture has many benefits, from decreased pain, better breathing, and better appearance. Don’t despair, you can change your posture with some effort. The three facets of improving posture are: strengthening the postural muscles, adjusting the spine for flexibility, and paying some attention to your habits. If you have questions, email Dr French, or click below to make an appointment at our Norwalk, CT office for a full evaluation.

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